SECTION 07 16 00
CEMENTITIOUS & REACTIVE WATERPROOFING
PART 1 GENERAL
1.1 SECTION INCLUDES
A. Permanent penetrating waterproofing that achieves utility through chemical reaction.
A. ASTM E-96 - Standard Test Method for Water Vapor Transmission of Materials
B. ASTM 1869- Standard Test Method for Measuring Moisture Vapor Emission Rate of Concrete Subfloor Using Anhydrous Calcium Chloride.
C. ASTM F 2170- Standard Test Method for Determining Relative Humidity in Floor Slabs Using In Situ Probes
A. Product Data: Manufacturer’s data sheets on each product to be used, including:
1. Preparation instructions, precautions and recommendations.
2. Storage and handling requirements and recommendations.
3. Installation methods.
B. Manufacturer’s instructions: Printed installation instructions for each product, including product storage requirements.
1.4 QUALITY ASSURANCE
A. Regulatory requirements
1. Product shall be free of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC’s).
Note to specifier: Delete 2 and 3 below if not applicable.
2. Product shall be USDA chemically acceptable as a coating for application to structural surfaces where there is a possibility of incidental food contact in establishments operating under the Federal Meat and Poultry Products Inspection Program.
3. Product shall be approved for use by The Regulatory Enforcement and Animal Care (REAC) division of the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture approved for use in all animal clinics and in holding and shelter facilities.
DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING
B. Store products in original unopened containers until installation.
C. Maintain storage area conditions for products of this section in accordance with manufacturer’s printed instructions until installation.
PART 2 PRODUCTS
A. Acceptable Manufacturer: Bone Dry Permanent Penetrating Concrete Sealer by Bone Dry Products, Inc. 9114 58th Place, Suite 400, Kenosha, WI 53144
A. Bone Dry: Clear, non-staining, waterborne silicate based penetrating sealer containing a blend of surfactants and enzyme catalysts.
PART 3 EXECUTION
Coverage area 220 square feet per gallon.
A. Prepare and apply as per manufacturer’s specifications.
A. Clean surfaces to be treated removing impervious materials to allow sealer penetration.
B. Hard troweled surfaces: Acid-etch or mechanically abrade to ensure proper product penetration.
A. Apply sealer in accordance with manufacturer’s published application instructions for indicated project conditions.
B. Do not apply sealer to surfaces below 40 degrees F (4 degrees C) or above 90 degrees F (32 degrees C) unless recommended by the manufacturer.
C. Do not apply sealer when rain is predicted within 24 hours or less than 48 hours after surface has been wet.
D. Follow manufacturer’s recommendations for applying sealer in windy conditions or direct sunlight exposure.
Bone Dry PCS is a colorless, odorless, non-toxic, nonflammable, low viscosity, spray applied liquid formulation that provides a permanent internal moisture barrier for waterproofing and preserving new and old concrete.
Bone Dry PCS will also seal concrete block or cinder block that has been fortified with Bone Dry Primer.
Bone Dry Products, Inc.
9114 58th Place, STE 400
Kenosha, WI 53144
Bone Dry provides a unique barrier for waterproofing concrete and dense cementitious masonry, plaster and patching materials products.
Whereas, most other waterproofing products develop a surface coating, Bone Dry is designed to penetrate deeply (up to 4 inches) where it becomes an integral part of the concrete. Bone Dry is a water based internal waterproofing system which contains the same inorganics present in concrete. A proprietary wetting agent composed of sixteen enzymes remarkably reduces the liquid’s surface tension, which enables the Bone Dry to penetrate deeply into the small pore diameters and hairline cracks.
Initially, the main constituents of the Bone Dry chemically react to form a semi-rigid gel within the concrete pores, fissures and interstitial spaces to prevent the passage of water and other liquids. As the chemical reaction continues, a crystalline structure develops within the concrete where the resultant chemical compound becomes an integral part of the concrete to permanently seal the concrete against the passage of water and other liquids. As the chemical reaction continues, Moisture Vapor Transmission is significantly reduced.
Bone Dry preserves new or old concrete. Bone Dry hardens new concrete and retards dusting without altering the surface appearance, texture, or bonding characteristics. The occlusive seal formed by Bone Dry limits deterioration of concrete and dense cementitious masonry by resisting the penetration of acids, alkalis, oils and salts.
Bone Dry is formulated to perform against below grade hydrostatic pressure and is also excellent as an on grade moisture barrier.
Bone Dry will seal against hydrostatic pressure; however, flowing water must be stopped before application.
- hardens concrete, minimizing surface dusting, pitting, spalling and hairline cracking
- virtually stops moisture vapor transmission
- inhibits water seepage and saponification
- resists acid, alkali and salt and oil attack
- seals against seepage below grade (i.e. from hydrostatic pressure)
- stops capillary action
- aids in curing new concrete uniformly, resisting spot drying and hairline shrinkage cracking – can be applied immediately after finishing
- ejects contaminants which have penetrated concrete.
- prepares concrete surfaces for subsequent applications of paint, stains or adhesives specifically formulated for use on concretesurfaces – a test area should be tried before proceeding with any large areas of floor coatings or floor coverings – moisture testing is often used in this determination
- promotes greater paint durability by helping to resist peeling, cracking or crumbling – increases bonding strength of latex and poly-vinyl paints
- Before painting over Bone Dry treated areas, the surfaces should be flushed with clear water untilthe surface no longer exhibits leaching of alkali or foreign matter.
Bone Dry is formulated primarily for concrete and other substrates containing calcium carbonate and lime and does not effectively seal asphalt, metal or wood, or clay products
Bone Dry is a non-toxic, (water borne) blend of inorganics which react with the natural by -products created during the formation of concrete to form an internal system of suspended solids. These suspended solids extend throughout the concrete filling the capillaries and pores thereby creating a permanent moisture barrier. Bone Dry contains no organic materials or inorganic heavy metals. Bone Dry is neither flammable or explosive and does not emit any harmful fumes.
Bone Dry PCS for normal applications Bone Dry Primer is required to ‘fortify’ concrete block or cinder block prior to applying the Bone Dry PCS
Appearance Colorless Odor Negligible Toxicity None Flash Point None Resistivity 50 Ohms pH 12.1 pH Scale Units Total Solids 10.1 % Specific Gravity 1.075
Bone Dry significantly increases the compressive strength of concrete because the silicate constituent of the material reacts with the calcium hydroxide (present in all concrete) to form calcium silicate hydrate.
The chemical reaction between Bone Dry and the free lime and alkali within the concrete seals the small pores and hairline cracks to impede the absorption of moisture.
ASTM-96 Moisture Vapor Transmission:
Significantly reduces moisture vapor transmission.
CTL tests results showed significant reductions when
compared to control samples.
Treated concrete is noticeably more resistant to staining and is more easily cleaned than untreated concrete.
Concrete treated with Bone Dry is significantly more resistant to dusting as compared to untreated control samples.
Freeze Thaw Resistance:
Bone Dry imparts an improved resistance to freeze-thaw damage under test conditions.
Resistance to Salt Attack:
Bone Dry application to concrete imparts resistance to salt attack (5% NaCl solution) under freeze-thaw conditions.
Resistance to Chemicals:
Concrete treated with Bone Dry develops a high resistance to chemical attack. This resistance is imparted by the highly chemical resistant inorganic solids which permeate the concrete and form a protective coating around the individual cement particles.
Concrete treated with Bone Dry is highly resistant tooils, grease, petroleum and non-petroleum based hydrocarbon solvents, caustic alkalis and most of the organic and inorganic acids.
USDA - chemically acceptable as a coating for application to structural surfaces where there is a possibility of incidental food contact in establishments operating under the Federal Meat and Poultry Products Inspection Program.
Approved by The Regulatory Enforcement and Animal Care (REAC) division of the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture for use in all animal clinics and in holding and shelter facilities.
W.H.O. approval for potable water storage tanks.
ASTM E-96 Test Results on BONE DRY
CTL Group Project No. 401437
Average WVT inch-pound units grains/hr./ sq. ft.
x’s 1000 sq. ft.
lbs / 24 hrs./
1000 sq. ft.
- Uncoated Control Concrete
CSP-3 Blasted Concrete
- BONE DRY on CSP-3 Blasted Concrete
- Aluminum Blank Slab
A reduction in water vapor transmission (WVT) is indicative of RH reduction.
Sample A: No drop in WVT on the untreated slab.
Sample B: WVT was reduced to 3.28 (down 26% or below the 80% threshold) after applying Bone Dry Concrete Sealer.
Typical penetration of Bone Dry PCS
Concrete testing sample pan
Coverage area 850-900 square feet.
No preparatory work is generally required. However, if the concrete surface is coated with heavy wax, thick grease, recently applied surface sealer, rubber or acrylic paint or other impervious material exists, remove such materials so that the Bone Dry will be allowed to penetrate through the surface of the concrete.
The surface of slick, hard troweled concrete should be opened up by acid etching or mechanical means to facilitate the proper penetration of the Bone Dry.
Method of Application:
- Dampen surface to be treated (do not saturate) using a fine mist water spray.
- Bone Dry must be applied at full strength to attain the desired results
- Saturate the surface thoroughly with Bone Dry at an approximate rate of 170 square feet per gallon, depending upon porosity of the concrete.
Low pressure spray equipment, such as a hand pumped garden type sprayer works well for medium sized areas. For large areas, airless spray equipment is very efficient. Small areas can be effectively treated using a spray bottle.
Brushes or rollers are not recommended because of the low viscosity of the Bone Dry.
Do not allow the Bone Dry to pond or puddle, as a white residue will likely form on the surface of the concrete. Move the excess material from the low spots on the floor to the high spots with a squeegee, mop or broom. Any remaining material should be removed with a wet vac or mop.
The time for additional applications can be judged by observing the time it takes for the Bone Dry to soak into the concrete. If the Bone Dry soaks in quickly, generally less than fifteen minutes after application, additional material should be applied.
For vertical surfaces, such as basement and outside walls, follow standard procedures as described above. Multiple passes with the spray apparatus will be required to achieve the proper coverage rate.
Indoors - Approximately 2 to 3 hours after application of the Bone Dry, water dampen the treated surface using a fine water spray mist.
Outdoors – To prevent flash evaporation of the Bone Dry from the effects of wind or direct sun exposure, keep the surface damp for 24 hours.
CAUTION: Do not flush with water as some of the Bone Dry still on the surface may be washed away by this action.
- If necessary, 24 hours after application, flush or mop the surface thoroughly with water to flush off any foreign material that may have been brought to the surface. This foreign material can create adhesion issues for floor coatings or adhesives.
Repeated flushing may be required as the BoneDry brings contaminants to the surface.
- Curing new concrete: Apply Bone Dry to the surface as soon as the concrete finishing operations have been completed and the when the surface can support foot traffic without being disfigured; or when the forms have been removed, saturating the surface thoroughly. Concrete will cure slowly, producing a hardened waterproof surface. Bone Dry is excellent in hot or windy weather, since it promotes uniform curing, increases density, resists hairline shrinkage cracking and stops surface dusting.
Bone Dry should not be allowed to remain on aluminum or glass, including eyeglasses.
In the event of contact, wipe off immediately with a wet cloth or sponge.
Bone Dry will stiffen leather gloves or footwear.
Bone Dry should not be applied to glazed floor or wall tile, or glazed or hard fired brick where the glaze will prevent the penetration of the material.
However, Bone Dry may be applied over these materials if the intent is to seal the grout joints. In such cases, after the Bone Dry has sufficiently soaked into the grout, remove all excess material from the surface with a wet vac, squeegee or mop. Wipe the surface with a damp cloth or sponge to remove any remaining film. This will greatly minimize the possibility of a white deposit or film from forming on the tile or brick. When in doubt, apply Bone Dry to a small test area.
Bone Dry is not recommended for use on porous brick, pavers or tile as there is not sufficient alkali (lime) in these materials for the Bone Dry to react with. In most cases, white discoloration will occur on such surfaces.
Bone Dry should not be applied to masonry structures having a mortar or grout containing a latex binder.
Bone Dry should not be applied or stored at freezing temperatures. 45 degree minimum surface temperature recommended.
If freezing occurs during storage, agitate the thawed material thoroughly to assure uniform solution.
During outside applications, care should be taken to protect vegetation and adjacent areas from direct spray or overspray.
The information and data contained herein are believed to be accurate and reliable; however, it is the user’s responsibility to determine suitability of use.
Since Bone Dry Products, Inc. cannot know all of the uses to which its products may be put, or the conditions of use, it makes no warranty concerning the fitness or suitability of its products for any particular purpose.
The user should thoroughly test any proposed use of our products and independently conclude satisfactory performance for the given application. Likewise, if the manner in which our products are used requires agency or government approval, user must obtain it.
Bone Dry Products, Inc. warrants only that its products will meet its current specifications. There is no warrant of merchantability of fitness for use, nor any other expressed or implied warranties. The user’s exclusive remedy and the sole liability of Bone Dry Products, Inc. is limited to refund of the purchase price or replacement of any product shown to be otherwise than as warranted. Bone Dry Products, Inc. will not be liable for consequential or incidental damages of any kind.
Suggestions of previous users should not be taken as inducements to infringe on any patents.